Vienna Talk 2015 on Music Acoustics
“Bridging the Gaps”     16–19 September 2015


Energy based simulation of a Timoshenko beam in non-forced rotation. Influence of the piano hammer shank flexibility on the sound.

Chabassier, Juliette and Duruflé, Marc 

Proceedings of the Third Vienna Talk on Music Acoustics (2015), p. 181


A nonlinear model for a vibrating Timoshenko beam in non-forced unknown rotation is derived from the virtual work principle applied to a system of beam with mass at the end. The system represents a piano hammer shank coupled to a hammer head. An energy-based numerical scheme is then provided, obtained by non classical approaches. A major difficulty for time discretisation comes from the nonlinear behavior of the kinetic energy of the system. This new numerical scheme is then coupled to a global energy-preserving numerical solution for the whole piano. The obtained numerical simulations show that the pianistic touch clearly influences the spectrum of the piano sound of equally loud isolated notes. These differences do not come from a possible shock excitation on the structure, nor from a changing impact point, nor a ``longitudinal rubbing motion'' on the string, since neither of these features are modeled in our study.


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  • flexible piano shank
  • piano model
  • pianistic touch
  • implicit time discretization
  • vibrating Timoshenko beam
  • energy preservation

  • Status
    Invited Paper
    not reviewed

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